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Customization

Typhoon provides minimal Kubernetes clusters with defaults we recommend for production. Terraform variables provide easy to use and supported customizations for clusters. Advanced options are available for customizing the architecture or hosts.

Variables

Typhoon modules accept Terraform input variables for customizing clusters in meritorious ways (e.g. worker_count, etc). Variables are carefully considered to provide essentials, while limiting complexity and test matrix burden. See each platform's tutorial for options.

Addons

Clusters are kept to a minimal Kubernetes control plane by offering components like Nginx Ingress Controller, Prometheus, Grafana, and Heapster as optional post-install addons. Customize addons by modifying a copy of our addon manifests.

Hosts

Container Linux

Danger

Container Linux Configs provide powerful host customization abilities. You are responsible for the additional configs defined for hosts.

Container Linux Configs (CLCs) declare how a Container Linux instance's disk should be provisioned on first boot from disk. CLCs define disk partitions, filesystems, files, systemd units, dropins, networkd configs, mount units, raid arrays, and users. Typhoon creates controller and worker instances with base Container Linux Configs to create a minimal, secure Kubernetes cluster on each platform.

Typhoon AWS, Google Cloud, and Digital Ocean give users the ability to provide CLC snippets - valid Container Linux Configs that are validated and additively merged into the Typhoon base config during terraform plan. This allows advanced host customizations and experimentation.

Examples

Container Linux docs show many simple config examples. Ensure a file /opt/hello is created with permissions 0644.

# custom-files
storage:
  files:
    - path: /opt/hello
      filesystem: root
      contents:
        inline: |
          Hello World
      mode: 0644

Ensure a systemd unit hello.service is created and a dropin 50-etcd-cluster.conf is added for etcd-member.service.

# custom-units
systemd:
  units:
    - name: hello.service
      enable: true
      contents: |
        [Unit]
        Description=Hello World
        [Service]
        Type=oneshot
        ExecStart=/usr/bin/echo Hello World!
        [Install]
        WantedBy=multi-user.target
    - name: etcd-member.service
      enable: true
      dropins:
        - name: 50-etcd-cluster.conf
          contents: |
            Environment="ETCD_LOG_PACKAGE_LEVELS=etcdserver=WARNING,security=DEBUG"

Specification

View the Container Linux Config format to read about each field.

Usage

Write Container Linux Configs snippets as files in the repository where you keep Terraform configs for clusters (perhaps in a clc or snippets subdirectory). You may organize snippets in multiple files as desired, provided they are each valid.

Define an AWS, Google Cloud, or Digital Ocean cluster and fill in the optional controller_clc_snippets or worker_clc_snippets fields.

module "digital-ocean-nemo" {
  ...

  controller_count        = 1
  worker_count            = 2
  controller_clc_snippets = [
    "${file("./custom-files")}",
    "${file("./custom-units")}",
  ]
  worker_clc_snippets = [
    "${file("./custom-files")}",
    "${file("./custom-units")}",
  ]
  ...
}

Plan the resources to be created.

$ terraform plan
Plan: 54 to add, 0 to change, 0 to destroy.

Most syntax errors in CLCs can be caught during planning. For example, mangle the indentation in one of the CLC files:

$ terraform plan
...
error parsing Container Linux Config: error: yaml: line 3: did not find expected '-' indicator

Undo the mangle. Apply the changes to create the cluster per the tutorial.

$ terraform apply

Container Linux Configs (and the CoreOS Ignition system) create immutable infrastructure. Disk provisioning is performed only on first boot from disk. That means if you change a snippet used by an instance, Terraform will (correctly) try to destroy and recreate that instance. Be careful!

Danger

Destroying and recreating controller instances is destructive! etcd runs on controller instances and stores data there. Do not modify controller snippets. See blue/green clusters.

Architecture

To customize clusters in ways that aren't supported by input variables, fork Typhoon and maintain a repository with customizations. Reference the repository by changing the username.

module "digital-ocean-nemo" {
  source = "git::https://github.com/USERNAME/typhoon//digital-ocean/container-linux/kubernetes?ref=myspecialcase"
  ...
}

To customize lower-level Kubernetes control plane bootstrapping, see the poseidon/bootkube-terraform Terraform module.